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In The News

Antibiotic use linked to heightened bowel cancer risk

August 21, 2019

Antibiotics substantially alter the gut microbiome, but little is known about how this impacts on the risk of medical conditions affecting the GI tract.
New research published in the journal Gut has shed some light in this area, with findings suggesting a link between oral antibiotic use and risk of two …

British food the healthiest?

In a surprise result, British food has been found the healthiest on average in a survey of 12 countries, at least in terms of packaged food and drink.
Conducted by the George Institute of Global Health, the survey analysed over 400,000 products from the included countries according to Australia’s health star …

Will eating chicken reduce your risk of breast cancer?

Research Checks interrogate newly published studies and how they’re reported in the media. The analysis is undertaken by one or more academics not involved with the study, and reviewed by another, to make sure it’s accurate.

You might have seen headlines recently claiming eating chicken reduces a person’s risk of breast …

Naltrexone used to avoid NOWS in prelim study

August 14, 2019

The increased use of opioids in many countries has resulted in a substantial increase in neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS), a condition which can still occur even if an infant is exposed to an opioid antagonist in utero rather than opioids.
Newborns affected by NOWS often require medication to manage withdrawal …

Type of meat eaten effects breast cancer risk

As one of the most common cancers in females, it’s important to know which factors influence breast cancer risk.
Previous studies have linked various cancers to type and amount of meat eaten, but relatively little is known about the effect of meat consumption on breast cancer.
It’s this knowledge gap that researchers …

World’s first blood test for coeliac disease in sight

Most of the difficulty in treating coeliac disease lies in diagnosis. Current methods involve lengthy and unpleasant exposure to gluten, followed by an endoscopy to take samples of the intestinal lining.
This may have resulted in the disease being underdiagnosed. Other serious conditions with similar symptoms can also be misdiagnosed as …

New portable monitor can detect ARDS

August 07, 2019

A portable breath monitor has been developed that is capable of quickly and accurately detecting acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). 
The development and testing of device, which is roughly the size of a shoebox, has been described in a paper in the journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 
Diagnosing and tracking ARDS is challenging, …

Social stress linked to post-menopausal bone density

Older women have been found to be more likely to develop brittle, facture-prone bones after menopause if they are under a lot of social strain.
In a study published in Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, high social stress was identified as a risk factor that increases bone loss in aging women. …

Type 2 diabetes: small reduction in alcohol, big reduction in heart disease risk

People with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of getting cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke. Lifestyle factors, such as diet and physical activity, affect the risk of developing diabetes, but there has been little research about how people with diabetes can change their lifestyle to lower …

Research Check: Have scientists found the cause of endometriosis?

July 31, 2019

Headlines over the past week have given false hope to the roughly 8–10% of women of reproductive age with endometriosis:
Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (called the endometrium) is found outside the uterus, causing pelvic pain and/or infertility.
We don’t know what causes …

New risks revealed when stopping statins

Healthy 75-year-olds who stop taking statins have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, a study published this week in the European Heart Journal has found.
The nation-wide French study is the first to evaluate the impact of discontinuing statins taken for primary prevention in older people, according to the European Society of Cardiology.
The …

Rheumatoid arthritis: researchers count costs

A team of researchers from Finland have created a model to compare the cost-effectiveness of the different types of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis.
The group of researchers, who are affiliated with several institutions in Finland, have described in a paper published in PLOS One how they created a model that uses …