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Your Instagram Photos Can Reveal Whether you have Depression

August 24, 2016

Instagram posts give friends a peek into your personal life, but new research shows they may also provide a snapshot of your mental health.
Photos taken, edited, and shared to Instagram can show signs of depression through filters, faces, and colors, according to Harvard University’s Andrew Reece and Christopher Danforth from the …

Political Psychology: The Presidents’ Mental Health

August 17, 2016

Perhaps it isn’t surprising, given the intense rhetoric of this year’s presidential election, that politicians have started throwing around accusations of insanity.
In early August, California Rep. Karen Bass, a Democrat, launched the hashtag #DiagnoseTrump and started a change.org petition claiming the Republican nominee, Donald Trump, meets the diagnostic criteria for …

First ‘Gold-standard’ Trial of Ketamine’s Anti-depressant Effects Launched

The first “gold standard” clinical trial of ketamine for the ongoing treatment of major depression was launched in Sydney on Tuesday and will involve seven research institutions and 200 patients from across Australia and New Zealand.
Several pilot studies have examined the effectiveness of ketamine for depression but these have typically …

Most Seniors Won’t Abuse Opioids After Surgery

August 15, 2016

Seniors who receive prescriptions for opioid drugs to control pain after major surgery don’t usually end up addicted to them, research from Canada shows.
One year after having major surgery, less than 1 percent of patients over age 66 were still taking opioids, according to a report in JAMA Surgery.
Recent research …

Household Pesticides Pose Biggest Exposure Risk to Children Under Five

Cockroach and ant baits pose the biggest poison exposure risk to small children, a new study has found.
The University of Queensland made the discovery after analysing calls made to the Queensland Poisons Information Centre in 2014.
The research found cockroach and ant baits accounted for 39 per cent of the calls …

Chemo Drug in Pregnancy May Cause Early Menopause in Daughters

The University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom finds that etoposide – a chemotherapy drug used to treat lung cancer, ovarian cancer, leukemia, and lymphoma – may affect the future fertility of unborn baby girls.
Etoposide works by blocking an enzyme, which is necessary for cancer cells to divide and grow into …

HIV: Newly Discovered Component Could Lead to More Effective Drugs

Scientists from the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge and University College London – both in the United Kingdom – have uncovered key components of HIV, which they believe could lead to new approaches for drugs to fight the infection.
HIV weakens a person’s immune system by destroying …

Molecular Origami: Protein Engineering Emerges to Fight Disease

Protein engineer Aaron Chevalier has a hunch that origami — on a smaller scale — could be the future of drug design.
So he and a team here at the University of Washington spend their days designing intricately folded chains of amino acids to create molecules that do not exist in nature. The goal: Create a …

Researchers Discover Potential Avenue to Treating Type 2 Diabetes at Early Stages

August 09, 2016

Researchers at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new potential target for drugs to prevent type 2 diabetes. A paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows that blocking a cellular glucose sensor in muscle improves insulin responsiveness.
“Our new study shows that a …

Volunteering Later in Life Can Enhance Mental Health and Wellbeing

Becoming a volunteer later on in life can result in good mental health and wellbeing, according to researchers from the University of Southampton and the University of Birmingham.
However, the study which is published in the BMJ Open online, found these effects did not apply before the age of 40, suggesting …

Mesoblast Cell Treatment Shows Promise in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Study

Mesoblast Ltd on Monday said its experimental stem-cell treatment led to significant improvements of symptoms and disease activity in patients whose rheumatoid arthritis had stopped being helped by widely used biotech medicines, according to data from a mid-stage trial.
Treatment with the Australian company’s mesenchymal precursor cell (MPC) product, MPC-300-IV, was …

Sleep Apnea Triggers Pediatric Fatty Liver Disease Progression

Obstructive sleep apnea and low nighttime oxygen – which results in oxidative stress – may trigger progression of pediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) describes the accumulation of fat in the liver of people who drink little or no alcohol. In some individuals with …