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‘Feeling Full’ Hormone Increase in Seniors May Explain ‘Anorexia of Aging’

August 09, 2016

Termed “anorexia of aging,” loss of appetite is common among elderly adults, with around 15-20 percent of seniors experiencing unintentional weight loss as a result.
While loss of appetite in seniors can be driven by emotional issues, such as depression or grief, in many cases, no underlying cause can be found.
Previous …

A Panel of Biomarkers May Predict Early Alzheimer’s Disease

August 03, 2016

University of Wisconsin-Madison Alzheimer’s researchers have identified a scientific approach that may help predict which older adults are more likely to develop cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease well before the onset of dementia.
This approach – which statistically analyzes a panel of biomarkers – could help identify people most likely to …

How Night Shifts Can Increase Cancer Risk

Scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) reveal that disruption to the circadian rhythm also leads to the impairment of two tumor suppressor genes, which can spur tumor growth.
Lead author Thales Papagiannakopoulos, of MIT’s Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, and colleagues publish their findings in the journal Cell …

Scientists Observe Reaction of Neurons in Real-time After Concussive Trauma

A team of Brown University researchers has been able to watch in real time what happens to neurons after they experience the kinds of forces involved in a blow to the head. Their findings, published in the journal Scientific Reports, could help scientists to understand how traumatic brain injury unfolds …

Kindness is Contagious

Conformity gets a bad rap, and it often deserves one. People abuse drugs, deface national parks, and spend $150,000 on tote bags after seeing others do so. Peer pressure doesn’t have to be all bad, though. People parrot each other’s voting, healthy eating, and environmental conservation efforts, too. They also “catch” …

Early and Late Menopause Can Increase Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

July 27, 2016

Women who begin menopause before age 45 or after 55 have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study of more than 124,000 women enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative, a large national trial aimed at preventing disease in postmenopausal women.
The study, led by Kaiser Permanente …

As Hep C Sales Decline, Wall Street Wonders What Gilead Does for its Next Act

Can Gilead Sciences pull another rabbit out of the M&A hat?
The biotech became a Wall Street darling thanks to an $11 billion deal that landed the blockbuster Sovaldi and Harvoni hepatitis C treatments, but the drugs are no longer delivering the same revenue growth that have excited investors.
On Monday, Gilead …

Teens Who Play Sports Less Likely to Say They’ve Done Heroin

Teens who play sports are less likely than those who don’t to say they’ve ever used opioid painkillers without a prescription or heroin, according to a new U.S. study.
Researchers also found that opioid and heroin use declined among teen sports players between 1997 and 2014, a period when overall use …

New Tools for Assessing Drug Value Haven’t Caught on with Payers — Yet

As prices for prescription drugs keep rising, several organizations have developed different ways to assess the value of new medicines based on such attributes as cost, quality of life, and effectiveness. But a new survey finds that even as health plans continue to criticize drug prices, they have not yet …

The Neuroscience of “Cool”

In the early 2000s, a major shift happened in the way people dress. Flared and baggy jeans began to give way to a skinny, low-slung version, and by the end of the decade, it seemed everyone—including men—were squeezing into jeans so tight that doctors began issuing health warnings. Now skinny …

Behavioral Activation as Effective as CBT for Depression, at Lower Cost

A simple and inexpensive therapy is equally as effective at treating depression as the “gold standard” of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), a largescale study has concluded.
Behavioural Activation (BA) is relatively simple, meaning it can be delivered by more junior staff with less training, making it a cost-effective option. It is …

Women on Osteoporosis Drugs Still Need Bone Density Screenings

July 20, 2016

Women with osteoporosis who take drugs to help avoid fractures still need to have their bone density monitored, a Canadian study suggests.
Researchers who studied more than 6,600 women taking osteoporosis drugs found that for nearly one in five, bone mineral density at the hip actually decreased after the women started …