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Blood Test Spots Adult Depression

Source By: Tara Haelle via WebMD

A new blood test is the first objective scientific way to diagnose major depression in adults, a new study claims.

The test measures the levels of nine genetic indicators (known as “RNA markers”) in the blood. The blood test could also determine who will respond to cognitive behavioral therapy, one of the most common and effective treatments for depression, and could show whether the therapy worked, Northwestern University researchers report.

Depression affects nearly 7 percent of U.S. adults each year, but the delay between the start of symptoms and diagnosis can range from two months to 40 months, the study authors pointed out.

“The longer this delay is, the harder it is on the patient, their family and environment,” said lead researcher Eva Redei, a professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences and physiology at Northwestern’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago…Read More>>

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Pneumonia Bacterium Leaves Tiny Lesions In The Heart, Study Finds

Source By: Unknown via Medical Express

The long-observed association between pneumonia and heart failure now has more physical evidence, thanks to research in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. The researchers found proof that Streptococcus pneumoniae, the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia, actually physically damages the heart.

The researchers found proof that Streptococcus pneumoniae, the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia, actually physically damages the heart. The bacterium leaves tiny lesions that researchers detected in mouse, rhesus macaque and human autopsy tissue samples.

“If you have had severe pneumonia, this finding suggests your heart might be permanently scarred,” said study senior author Carlos Orihuela, Ph.D., associate professor of microbiology and immunology at the UT Health Science Center San Antonio…Read More>>

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Talk Therapy—Not Medication—Best For Social Anxiety Disorder, Large Study Finds

Source By: Unknown via Medical Express

While antidepressants are the most commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorder, new research suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is more effective and, unlike medication, can have lasting effects long after treatment has stopped.

Social anxiety disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by intense fear and avoidance of social situations and affects up to 13 percent of Americans and Europeans. Most people never receive treatment for the disorder. For those who do, medication is the more accessible treatment because there is a shortage of trained psychotherapists.

The findings of the study, a network meta-analysis that collected and analyzed data from 101 clinical trials comparing multiple types of medication and talk therapy, are published online Sept. 26 in The Lancet Psychiatry…Read More>>

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Sex Trafficking Of Australian Children. Yes It Happens. But Here’s What We Can Do…

Source By: Melinda Tankard Reist via SMH Good Weekend Guide

This last weekend, the Good Weekend Guide featured the story of a 38-year-old Carrie Bailee who at the age of 9 was sold into a pedophile ring by her father.

The article sent shivers across the country. How could a 9-year-old be subjected to such horror? Why did her school not pick this up? Or other parents? The survivor Carrie herself posed the very same questions.While Carrie’s torture happened in Canada, we cannot dismiss it, as the same exploitation of our children is happening here in Australia.

My work brings me into contact every week with stories of Australian children who are sold for sex by their parents or family members; at-risk children who are preyed on by gangs; young teenage girls who are being forced into prostitution; and children being exploited to enrich the billion-dollar child pornography industry…Read More>>

LIMITED tickets available for important film screening of ‘PLAYGROUND': The Child Sex Trade In America

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Single Dose Of Antidepressant Changes The Brain

Source By: Unknown via Medical Xpress

A single dose of antidepressant is enough to produce dramatic changes in the functional architecture of the human brain. Brain scans taken of people before and after an acute dose of a commonly prescribed SSRI (serotonin reuptake inhibitor) reveal changes in connectivity within three hours, say researchers who report their observations in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on September 18.

“We were not expecting the SSRI to have such a prominent effect on such a short timescale or for the resulting signal to encompass the entire brain,” says Julia Sacher of the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences…Read More>>

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Prenatal Phthalate Exposure Linked To Increased Risk Of Childhood Asthma

Source By: Honor Whiteman via Medical News Today

Asthma is one of the most common long-term diseases in childhood, affecting around 6.8 million children in the US.

According to the research team, including senior author Dr. Rachel Miller, past studies have suggested that childhood exposure to phthalates – a group of chemicals commonly used in plastics, cosmetics and other products – can increase asthma risk.

They note, however, that there is increasing evidence that prenatal exposure to certain chemicals can affect children’s lung development and respiratory health, but researchers have yet to look at how prenatal exposure to phthalates influences children’s risk of asthma. In this latest study, the team wanted to find out…Read More>>

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FDA Panel: Limit Testosterone Drug Use

Source by: Dennis Thompson via WebMD

There is little evidence that testosterone replacement therapy effectively treats normally sagging levels of the hormone in ageing American males, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel said Wednesday.

The panel, from two key FDA committees, overwhelmingly voted, 20-1, to tighten use of the popular drugs and require drug makers to conduct tests assessing the drugs’ risk of heart attack and stroke, according to Bloomberg News.

“The whole idea is to try to rein in the inappropriate advertising and use of these drugs,” Dr. Michael Domanski, a panel member who is director of heart failure research at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City, told The New York Times…Read More>>

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Stress, the Brain and the Neuroscience of Success

Source by: Don Joseph Goewey via Huff Post

In the last 10 years, a new field of neuroscience has mapped the mental zone that can literally change the brain to quiet an overly active stress response system and simultaneously pave the way for higher brain networks to perform at optimum. The more we function from this mental zone, the less we stress, and the more our brain lights up with the mix of intelligence that predicts a successful life.

When these higher networks wire and fire together, humming away at the brain speed of a hundred million computer instructions per second, we not only succeed, we excel at every level of life: from career to family, from physical and emotional well-being to fully actualizing our talent and ability. It’s a brain generating the fluid and creative intelligence to achieve goals, along with the emotional and social intelligence to instill joy in our work, peace in our life, and harmony in our relationships. It’s also a brain generating the homeostasis that promotes health and longevity. The key to all of these positive outcomes is building the mindset that transcends stress…Read More>>

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An Urgent Need To Keep Mental Health In Mind

Source by: Patrick McGorry via The Sydney Morning Herald

These days every Australian knows that sooner or later they will experience poor mental health, either personally or within their own family. What they may not know yet is that they will struggle to access the same quality healthcare that we all take for granted when we develop physical health problems.

Less than half of those with a need for mental healthcare access it, and if they do it is typically too little, too late and of variable quality. If we develop a mental illness we will die up to 20 years earlier than other Australians. We will not fulfil our true potential, and risk ending up on the scrapheap of welfare dependency and poverty. Mental health care and research suffer from serious underinvestment, yet they represent by far the best value for money for governments increasingly concerned about the sustainability of the health system…Read More>>

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Work Stress Raises Type 2 Diabetes Risk By 45 Per Cent

Source: Unknown via Diabetes.co.uk

High amounts of work related stress have been shown to raise the risk of type 2 diabetes by 45% in a study of over 5,000 people.

The research was carried out by researchers from the Helmholtz Zentrum München in Germany. 5,337 people, without type 2 diabetes at the start of the study period, were picked from the MONICA-KORA cohort study. Participants were aged between 29 and 66 years old and were monitored over an average of 12.7 years.

The researchers used the Karasek job content questionnaire to measure work strain. High job strain was marked by high psychological demands of the job combined with minimal elements of control or decision making. Examples of jobs with higher demand and lower control include waiting staff, garment makers and telephone operators…Read More>>

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