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Clinical Articles

Assessing stroke risk – easier than saying “CHA2DS2-VA Score”!

August 21, 2019

General Practitioner Dr Vivienne Miller takes a look at what’s changed in the recently updated CHA2DS2-VASC Score for the determination of stroke risk factors from atrial fibrillation.
The CHA2DS2-VA Score was updated from the CHA2DS2-VASC Score last year to exclude female sex (represented by Sc) in the determination of stroke risk …

Antibiotic use linked to heightened bowel cancer risk

Antibiotics substantially alter the gut microbiome, but little is known about how this impacts on the risk of medical conditions affecting the GI tract.
New research published in the journal Gut has shed some light in this area, with findings suggesting a link between oral antibiotic use and risk of two …

British food the healthiest?

In a surprise result, British food has been found the healthiest on average in a survey of 12 countries, at least in terms of packaged food and drink.
Conducted by the George Institute of Global Health, the survey analysed over 400,000 products from the included countries according to Australia’s health star …

Will eating chicken reduce your risk of breast cancer?

Research Checks interrogate newly published studies and how they’re reported in the media. The analysis is undertaken by one or more academics not involved with the study, and reviewed by another, to make sure it’s accurate.

You might have seen headlines recently claiming eating chicken reduces a person’s risk of breast …

Concussion in kids: Insomnia treatment linked to faster recovery

Active kids sustain injuries. It is estimated that every year more than 100,000 Canadian children and adolescents get a concussion while participating in normal childhood activities, like sports and play.
Most kids return to school and activities within about one month of the injury, but sometimes they need specialized concussion treatment …

Subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy, is it a real risk?

In the ‘largest analysis to date’, researchers have determined that subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with preterm birth but have stopped short of recommending screening.
It is well-known that overt thyroid disease in pregnancy is linked with preterm birth, as defined as delivery before 37 weeks. But whether milder forms of thyroid …

Naltrexone used to avoid NOWS in prelim study

August 14, 2019

The increased use of opioids in many countries has resulted in a substantial increase in neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS), a condition which can still occur even if an infant is exposed to an opioid antagonist in utero rather than opioids.
Newborns affected by NOWS often require medication to manage withdrawal …

Type of meat eaten effects breast cancer risk

As one of the most common cancers in females, it’s important to know which factors influence breast cancer risk.
Previous studies have linked various cancers to type and amount of meat eaten, but relatively little is known about the effect of meat consumption on breast cancer.
It’s this knowledge gap that researchers …

World’s first blood test for coeliac disease in sight

Most of the difficulty in treating coeliac disease lies in diagnosis. Current methods involve lengthy and unpleasant exposure to gluten, followed by an endoscopy to take samples of the intestinal lining.
This may have resulted in the disease being underdiagnosed. Other serious conditions with similar symptoms can also be misdiagnosed as …

Sprained ankle physiotherapy

It’s that time of year. Cold weather. Footy season. Finals approaching. Muscles pulled. Ankles twisted….
Of course, the elite sportspeople will have their support team to strap, massage, rehabilitate and retrain the injured joint or muscle – coaxing it back to good health. But for your average ill-fated weekend exerciser with …

Less bureaucracy needed to improve aged care

Last week’s hearings at the aged care royal commission in Brisbane looked at regulation in aged care. While rules and regulations are designed to safeguard residents, bureaucratic “red tape” also contributes to the failings in aged care.
The fear among nursing home staff of failing a review visit by an Aged …

Exercise – the underutilised antidepressant

Physical activity not only helps prevent depression, but should be considered an effective therapeutic option for patients who already have the condition, researchers say.
According to a review published recently in Current Sports Medicine Reports, major depressive disorder is an exceedingly common, disabling condition with prevalence estimates ranging from 6% to …